The Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology (ALIPB), formerly known as the Institute of Pathobiology, was established by the late Professor Aklilu Lemma in 1966 under the Addis Ababa University (AAU), then Haile Selassie I University, with the objective of conducting biomedical research on major tropical and infectious diseases. Since May 2005, the Institute has been renamed after its founder, Professor Aklilu Lemma. ALIPB has existed for about four decades as a research Institute of AAU, addressing important research issues of public health and veterinary importance.
The Institute evolved from the Parasitology Research Unit, which was organized earlier under the Faculty of Medicine and later under the Faculty of Science to become a stand-alone research and postgraduate training Institute. Given its long years of experience, the Institute has been striving to be the centre of excellence in biomedical research for diseases of both public health and veterinary importance. Its long-standing collaboration with national and international institutions in areas of mutual interest and the service it renders to the community are exemplary of its activities.
The Armauer Hansen Research Institute (AHRI) was founded in 1970 through the initiative of the Norwegian and Swedish Save the Children organizations seconded by the Ministry of Health of Ethiopia. The Institute got its name from the Norwegian physician, Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen, who first described the leprosy bacillus (Mycobacterium leprae). AHRI was established as a biomedical research institute located next to the All Africa Leprosy Rehabilitation and Training Hospital (ALERT).
The Institute joined the Ethiopian Ministry of Health in 2004 and receives core support for its research activities from SIDA (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency) and NORAD (Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation). AHRI research activities cover immunology and molecular biology and epidemiological and translational research. AHRI has published more than 380 papers in peer reviewed journals so far. It has also produced several theses and dissertations from Ethiopian and international scholars in biomedical research. The Institute has a network of national and international collaborators in peer reviewed grant projects, clinical trial partnerships, capacity building activities and in training of MSc and PhD students.
The Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) has evolved through several stages since its first initiation during the late 1940s, following the establishment of agricultural and technical school of Ambo and Jimma. Until the mid 1960’s, the Imperial College of Agricultural and Mechanical Arts—now Haramaya University—with its Agricultural Experiment Station at Debre Zeit—now Debre Zeit Research Center—was the major research entity. The establishment of the Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR) in 1966 saw the first nationally coordinated agricultural research system in Ethiopia.
EIAR’s mission is to conduct research that will provide market competitive agricultural technologies that will contribute to increased agricultural productivity and nutrition quality, sustainable food security, economic development, and conservation of the integrity of natural resources and the environment. As an apex body, EIAR provides strong leadership in coordinating research within the Ethiopian Agricultural Research System (EARS), by taking a leading role in influencing agricultural policy development.
The EARS consist of EIAR, Regional Agricultural Research Institutes (RARIs), and Higher Learning Institutions (HLIs). EIAR is responsible for the running of federal research centres, and RARIs are administered by the regional state governments. In addition to conducting research at its federal centres, EIAR is charged with the responsibility for providing the overall coordination of agricultural research countrywide, and advising Government on agricultural research policy formulation.
Currently, the EARS comprise 55 research centres and sites located across various agro-ecological zones. The research centres vary in their experience, human, facility, and other resources capacities. Some of the research centres and sites have one or more sub-centres and testing sites.
The National Animal Health Diagnostic and Investigation Center (NAHDIC) was established in 1995 so called Central Disease Investigation Laboratory (CDIL). After two years of service in 1997 the centre was organized under current Ethiopian Institute for Agricultural Research (EIAR), serving with that for 10 years. NAHDIC is located in Sebeta, 25kms from the capital, Addis Ababa.
As of 2007, NAHDIC has been designated as the referral and reference veterinary laboratory in Ethiopia. It is the centre of excellence for animal disease surveillance, investigation, diagnosis and research which contributes substantial role in promoting export of animal and animal products, improvement of the livelihood of the smallholder farmers and pastoralists, provision of professional support for investors involved in animal farming and transfer technology for stakeholders. The implementation of quality system in NAHDIC has brought an important milestone for NAHDIC in the face of regional and international community’s being as the Regional Referral Diagnostic Laboratory for avian flu and Newcastle diseases. This will have its own impact on international trade of animals and animal products from Ethiopia.
The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) is an executive agency, sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs of the United Kingdom. Launched on 1 October 2014, it merges the former Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA) with parts of the Food and Environment Research Agency (FERA) responsible for plant and bee health to create a single agency responsible for animal, plant and bee health.
APHA works to safeguard animal and plant health for the benefit of people, the environment and the economy. Its headquarters is located in Weybridge, Surrey and employ around 2,500 staff, based at various sites across the UK.
The University of Cambridge is one of the world’s oldest universities and leading academic centres, and a self-governed community of scholars. Its reputation for outstanding academic achievement is known world-wide and reflects the intellectual achievement of its students, as well as the world-class original research carried out by the staff of the University and the Colleges.
The Department of Veterinary Medicine at Cambridge is at the forefront of veterinary science and education and is a centre of excellence for teaching and research. It is are a large, multidisciplinary department whose scientific activities are fully integrated into those of the whole University. Its mission is to improve the prevention and treatment of diseases of animals by defining and applying best clinical practice, by understanding and developing the science underpinning best practice, and by embedding an education programme in the veterinary sciences that delivers the best veterinary practitioners, academics and research scientists.
Social Anthropology at Cambridge is a leading centre of the subject in Britain. Many of the UK’s best known anthropologists were educated here, and the division is home to some of the most innovative frontline research in the social sciences today. The Division of Social Anthropology is part of the Department of Archaeology and Anthropology and the Faculty of Human, Social and Political Sciences. The Centre maintains a strong tradition of broad-based undergraduate education, offering the study of anthropology in its widest sense. It also has a cosmopolitan body of teaching staff, each one at the forefront of their field. Their research ranges across the world (Britain, India, Vietnam, Russia, Mongolia, Melanesia, West and East Africa, Indonesia, North America, and Latin America) and focuses on a startlingly broad range of topics.
Since its founding in 1943, the Swiss Tropical Institute (STI), now Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) has become a world-renowned Institution for teaching, research and services in the field of International Health Development.
Today over 500 people from 40 nations work worldwide for the Swiss TPH in research, teaching and service provision with the single goal to facilitate and contribute to health development worldwide with a strong focus on low and middle income countries. The Swiss TPH is determined to improve public health, strengthen health systems and reduce poverty through partnerships, mutual learning, contribution and achievement.
As an associate institute of the University of Basel, the Swiss TPH takes part in teaching within the medical, philosophy, natural sciences, and historical philosophy faculties, as well as is engaged in post-graduate education and advanced training on national and international levels.
University College London (UCL), formerly styled University College, London, is a public research university in London, England and a constituent college of the federal University of London. Founded in 1826 as London University, UCL was the first university institution established in London and the first in England to be entirely secular, to admit students regardless of their religion, and to admit women on equal terms with men.
The Institute for Global Prosperity sets out to develop such cross-disciplinary knowledge as an evidence-base for novel approaches to achieve sustainable societies. Launched in October 2014, it aims to transform how we make decisions, the kinds of evidence and reasoning on which our decisions are based, and the tools (cultural, policy, legal) we have at our disposal. This will involve challenging assumptions, re-writing the questions and creating new definitions. It will also involve looking at our basic institutions and considering radical new approaches.